Yekaterinburg (formerly known as Sverdlovsk in 1924-1991) is the largest city and administrative center of Sverdlovsk Oblast. The city is located in Western Siberia. It is informally called the “capital of the Urals.” The population of Yekaterinburg is about 1.5 million.
It was founded on 18 November 1723 and named after Catherine I (Yekaterina), who was the Russian Emperor Peter the Great’s wife. At the time of Catherine the Great Yekaterinburg got the status of a district town of Perm Province. The city served as the mining capital of the Russian Empire as well as a strategic connection between Europe and Asia at the time.
Yekaterinburg is also known as the “third capital of Russia”, as it is ranked third by the size of economy, culture, transportation and tourism.
This city is a quite large tourist center. There are over 600 historical and cultural monuments in the city. A significant part of tourists visit it to honor the memory of the last Russian emperor and his family killed by the Bolsheviks in the basement of the Ipatiev’s house in July, 1918.
- It was founded by the decree of the first Russian Emperor (Peter I) and the last Russian Emperor( Nicholas II ) was shot here;
- Ural steel was used in the construction of the Eiffel Tower in Paris;
- Ural copper was used in the construction of the Statue of Liberty in New York;
- The population of Yekaterinburg is bigger than the population of Estonia.