Volgograd is one of the largest cities in the South of Russia and the official center of Volgograd region. From 1589 to 1925, the city was called Tsaritsyn because the original city fortress was located to the north of the place where the river Tsaritsa met the river Volga. From 1925 till 1961 this city was known as Stalingrad. In 1961, Stalingrad was named as Volgograd because Stalin became very unpopular in the country. The official city foundation date is the 2nd of July 1589. On that day the name of the Tsaritsyn fortress was first mentioned in the Tsar’s documents.
Internationally, Volgograd (Stalingrad) is mostly famous for the Battle of Stalingrad. This battle was the turning point of World War II. After the war the Mamayev Hill with the Statue of Motherland were constructed in the city as a memorial to commemorate the heroic events that took place in Volgograd (Stalingrad) during that awful war. The statue of Motherland is one of the highest ones in the world. Its overall height is 85 meters, and the overall weight is 8,000 tons. During World War II, the city was almost completely destroyed by Nazi’s bombardments. After the war it was reconstructed and literally rose from the ashes.
Today Volgograd is one of the most beautiful cities in Russia. It is a large industrial, transport, scientific and cultural center in the South of Russia. One of Volgograd’s main features is its formidable length. It stretches along the bank of the Volga for 90 km. The city’s population is more than 1 million people.
It is also a port of five seas. The city became the gates to Kazakhstan and China when the bridge over the Volga was made.
Moreover, it is a transport nod on the railway along the Volga River. Interregional and international traffic is managed by the Volgograd River Port, the international airport of Volgograd, an intense railroad nod, the Volga-Don Channel opening into the 9th International Transport Corridor. The city has all the transport characteristics as a megapolis: suburban trains, electro- and auto transport, as well as the only in the world speed underground tram.
Annually Volgograd welcomes on its territory more than a half a million tourists. There is a growing interest of international hotel operators towards the sphere of hotel construction in the city. There are projects for building a network of economy and business class hotels of various international brands and world-known hotel operators.0