Kaliningrad is the largest city on the north-west of Russia and the administrative center of Kaliningrad region. Its population is 450,000 people. It is situated on the shore of the Baltic see and is cut off from the rest of Russia. It has land borders with Poland and Lithuania. The only non-freezing Russian port in the Baltic Sea is in Kaliningrad region.
The city’s history began in 1255. Kaliningrad was known as Königsberg till 1946 and was a capital of Eastern Prussia. By the decision of the Potsdam Conference Soviet Union got the northern part of the German province of East Prussia and its capital Königsberg.
Unfortunately during the WWII the old city was badly damaged. Only small part of Königsberg was left. Kaliningrad is a mix of classical German and Soviet architecture where next to historical monuments you can find block of flats of the Soviet era. In spite of this Kaliningrad is an interesting touristic destination and it has famous sightseeing: Kant Island where the famous German philosopher and resident of Königsberg is buried, several city gates, old Catholic Churches and the surviving quarters with historic German buildings.
It is easy to reach Kaliningrad both from Europe and Russia. It has regular flights to Moscow, Saint-Petersburg, Riga, Minsk, Warsaw. Regular bus routes connect Kaliningrad with Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Poland, the Czech Republic, and Germany.0